Childcare for disabled children: MPs and peers hear from parents

By Richard Dunstan, Policy & Parliamentary Campaigns Officer

As a campaign-toughened and – I confess – somewhat cynical policy wonk, I am not often moved to tears by anything I might hear in the House of Commons.  Tales of legislative failure and implementation deficit, shameless ministerial denials of responsibility, and the impenetrable fog of official statistics are more likely to leave me with a wry ‘seen-it-all-before’ smile and a craving for a strong gin and tonic to dull the pain. But on Tuesday, in the space of two hours, I several times came close both to blubbing, and to punching the air in admiration.

The occasion was the second oral evidence session of the Parliamentary Inquiry into Childcare for Disabled Children, led by MPs Robert Buckland and Pat Glass. And the Inquiry panel – including Baroness Eaton and MPs Teresa Pearce, David Ward and Sarah Champion, as well as Robert and Pat – was hearing evidence from disabled student Sam Sillars, and five mothers of a young disabled child.

Sam is 17 and studying for her GCSEs at a mainstream school. She uses assistive technology to help her communicate, and was a member of the VIPER project into disabled children and young people’s participation in decision-making about local services. Sam spoke eloquently of the need for providers of inclusive activities to treat disabled young people as individuals, and to consult them on what activities they would like to do. All to often, Sam has been presented with activities chosen and designed by others, on a ‘take it or leave it’ basis.

The Inquiry panel then heard from Hannah Postgate and Katherine Kowalski. Hannah’s seven-year-old daughter Rosy – who also attended the evidence session – has autism and learning difficulties. At the end of her maternity leave, Hannah had tried to return to work flexibly, but her employer (a local authority) refused her flexible working request and, unable to find appropriate and affordable childcare, Hannah was forced to give up her career.  The only way Hannah has been able to return to the labour market has been by becoming self-employed and running her own business – selling toys and other products for families with special needs – from home.

Katherine’s three-year-old son Laurence has complex disabilities and epilepsy. Katherine, who blogs about her experience as @SeasideScribe, told the Inquiry panel:

“We have had to rely on my mother to care for Laurence while we both work, since there has been no childcare available that can cater for Laurence’s needs. Even now, with Laurence aged three, we have only been able to secure six hours per week at a nursery, and that during term-time only. Laurence needs one-to-one support while at nursery and the local authority say they cannot provide any more.

This seems to be breach the Equality Act, in that children without additional needs are entitled to 15 hours per week of childcare. Without my mother to care for Laurence, we would have lost our home and ended up on the council housing list. I know several families who have had this happen to them, purely because adequate childcare for their disabled child has not been available.”

Katherine’s point that parents of disabled children being forced out of their jobs and homes because of a lack of appropriate, affordable childcare amounts to discrimination and denial of equal opportunities was then echoed in the evidence of Jane McCready and her son Johnny, Stacie Lewis, and ‘Louise’ (not her real name).

Johnny is 11 and has severe autism and learning difficulties. Jane spoke movingly of how she had had to give up her career in the City to care full-time for Johnny as she found it “very, very difficult to find any childcare provider willing to take Johnny due to his communication and behavioural challenges”. As well as being a “hard-working parent carer”, Jane now also runs the ABA4All campaign to improve early autism education.

Noting that just three per cent of mothers of a disabled child return to full-time paid employment, Stacie, who blogs about her experience as @MamaLewisBlog and whose six-year-old daughter May suffered severe brain damage from oxygen deprivation during birth, told the Inquiry panel:

“We struggled to find a childcare provider who would take May. A child like May costs more money because she requires more supervision, time and equipment. But the government was not forthcoming with help. I was told that my returning to work was a lifestyle choice. There is no statutory requirement [on childcare providers] to take children like May, even in State-run nurseries. And then, only weeks after we finally found a nursery that would take May, the council cut all funding for her one-to-one care. A long fight ensued, that we won. But, if the funding had not been re-instated, May wouldn’t have been able to attend and I would have had to quit my job.”

Last – but by no means least – Louise, who blogs anonymously as @premmeditations and whose son Charlie (not his real name) has quadriplegic cerebral palsy, told the Inquiry panel:

“In order for Charlie to be at nursery, he needs one-to-one care. His condition means that he cannot move independently at all, feed himself, or access toys or activities or play with his many friends without support. Since he started at nursery we have tried three different funding pots to try and get one-to-one support. Now the nursery has to apply for this funding every 16 weeks. It’s a major source of anxiety, because every 16 weeks we face the fact that I might have to give up work at little notice. Every 16 weeks, I face the possibility of us losing our home. This is a human rights issue.”

The Inquiry panel members were clearly as impressed by this evidence as I was. As Sarah Champion MP noted at one point: “I believe you, but I find it unbelievable”.

The Inquiry has one more oral evidence session – with Department for Education officials – next week, and is set to publish its report on 8 July. And the importance of the Inquiry’s work was illustrated only yesterday, when the think tank IPPR managed to make a well-researched and detailed proposal for a system of universal affordable childcare, without once mentioning the additional challenges faced by, or the special needs of, the parents of Britain’s 700,000 disabled children.

That is what the Inquiry panel hopes to change.

Update (24 June):  Since I posted the above, three of the mothers who gave evidence to the Inquiry panel last week have written and published their own superb posts. You can read the post by ‘Louise’ (@premmediations) here; the post by Katherine Kowalski (@SeasideScribe) here; and the post by Hannah Postgate (@RosyandBo) here.

 

 

 

New research by Contact a Family highlights childcare crisis faced by parents of disabled children

By Richard Dunstan, Policy & Parliamentary Campaigns Officer

New research by Contact a Family shows that mothers of disabled children are locked out of the labour market due to a lack of affordable and good quality childcare.

childcare trap infographic 540x550

Based on a survey of 2,056 mothers of a disabled child, the research found:

  • 72 per cent say they have cut back or given up work because of childcare problems
  • 39 per cent don’t use childcare because it is too expensive
  • 82 per cent of those who do use childcare, pay above average (£3.93 per hour) childcare costs, with 31 per cent paying £11-£20 per hour (8 times more towards childcare costs than other families)
  • 33 per cent don’t use childcare because staff don’t have the right experience.

Amanda Batten, Chief Executive of Contact a Family, says:

“There is a childcare crisis for families with disabled children, which means many qualified and skilled mums are forced to give up or limit their careers. The government has implemented many policies to help mums get back to work. But our research shows many of the measures don’t help mums of disabled children. The new measures, while welcome, are not designed to tackle the additional costs of childcare for disabled children due to the need for specialised care or the poor disability skills across the childcare workforce.”

Contact a Family is calling for:

  • An increase in the upper limit of eligible childcare costs for one disabled child to £300 per week under working tax credit and later under Universal Credit.
  • A national disability childcare fund to develop a skilled workforce and increase the supply of childcare places for disabled children/children with SEN.

Jennie, mum to Ben, who has quadriplegic cerebral palsy, says:

“In order for Jack to be at nursery, he needs 1:1 care. His condition means he cannot move independently at all, feed himself or access toys or activities or play with his many friends without support. Since he started at nursery we have tried three different funding pots to get 1:1 support for him. Now the nursery has to apply every 16 weeks for 1:1 funding. It’s a source of major anxiety, because every 16 weeks I face the fact that I might have to give up work with no notice period. Every 16 weeks, I face the possibility of us losing our home.”

The research findings have been submitted to the Parliamentary Inquiry on childcare for disabled children, launched last month by Robert Buckland MP and Pat Glass MP.